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HOUSING IN GERMANY: PENSIONERS HAVE 60 SQUARE METERS PER PERSON.

In Germany, the largest living space - the elderly, the least - migrants. Every second inhabitant of the country has at least 41 square meters at his disposal. And what is the average size of apartments?

  • MARCH 09, 2021

The coronavirus pandemic with long-term lockdowns, closed schools and remote work has shown how important it is to have enough space at home for all family members. The Institute for German Economics in Cologne (IW) has decided to find out what living space the German population has today. Relevant statistics were collected and analyzed by Pekka Sagner, an expert from the Institute for Housing Policy and the Real Estate Market of Germany.

In his study, he concluded that the average size of living space per person in Germany has increased by a third over the past thirty years, so that the median is now 41 square meters. In other words, one half of the country's population has more square meters. the other is less.

Migrants in Germany have an average of 30 square meters of living space per person

Pensioners have the largest living space per person in today's Germany: each has an average of 60 square meters. This is largely due to the steady growth in the number of households consisting of one person. Their share increased in the united Germany from 1990 to 2018 from 34% to 42%. Older people often live alone in such farms.

In addition, in an aging society and high life expectancy, a growing number of apartments or individual houses are occupied by elderly couples. Pekka Zagner estimated that a maximum of two people now live in three of Germany's four households. This, of course, leads to the fact that everyone has a relatively large living space.

It follows from the calculations of the German scientist that households with three or more inhabitants account for only a small part of the German housing stock. Such households are often inhabited by migrants who have come to Germany to earn money or as refugees and have taken root. Their families often live under one roof, not even two, but three generations, which reduces the number of square meters each.

According to a study by the IW Institute, Germans with migratory roots have an average of 30 square meters of living space, while Indigenous Germans have 45 square meters per person.

The average size of an apartment in Germany is 100 square meters

Pekka Zagner also analyzed the area of both homeowners and tenants, as there are many of them in Germany: one of the specific features of the German real estate market is that more than half of the population lives in rented apartments and houses. Calculations have shown that property owners have at their disposal an average of 48 square meters per person, and tenants - 35 square meters.

Accordingly, the first has a total apartment area of 125 square meters, the second - 75 square meters. As a result, the average housing size in today's Germany is 100 square meters.

The author of the study also compared the living space of Germans depending on their level of education. It turned out that the difference is not so great. The total area of apartments for university graduates is on average 105 square meters, for people without higher education - 92 square meters. If you count the living space per person, emphasizes in his study Pekka Zagner, the difference will be minimal.

These data suggest that in Germany, well-trained secondary technical staff and skilled workers can often afford housing of about the same size as those with higher education.

Source:  Deutsche Welle

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